Logs from 'System.out.println' getting suppressed

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Performance and scalability: Logs from 'System.out.println' getting suppressed

  1. Our application is using System.out.println for logging purpose. On stress test with 'Loadrunner' with less number of users these Standard out are seen on console but with high number of users these are not seen. It looks like getting suppressed or not getting flushed out. I need help in analysing this.

    Just to give little direction, following is a sinplet from a site('http://www.redhat.com/docs/manuals/waf/rhea-dg-waf-en-6.0/s1-devenv-logging-debug.html')
    ----------------------------------------------
    Beware of Buffered Streams
    ----------------------------------------------
    The Java language provides two abstractions for doing output: output streams [8] for working with sequences of bytes, and writers [9] for working with sequences of characters. An output stream or a writer can be buffered or unbuffered. For more information, read about BufferedOutputStream [10] and about BufferedWriter [11].

    When I/O is buffered, it means that bytes or characters that you write do not necessarily go to their intended output device immediately. They are cached in an intermediate buffer. When the buffer fills up, it is flushed — an actual write to the underlying physical device occurs.

    Why should you care about this? If you log a message to a buffered output immediately before the system crashes, you may not see the message logged anywhere. The system didn't have a chance to flush the buffered stream or writer. This situation is fairly rare, but when it does happen, it may stump the unwary troubleshooter. If you want to be absolutely sure you are not losing any logging statements, you must use unbuffered output.

    For example, the standard output System.out may be buffered, while the standard error device System.err is usually not. Therefore, System.err is preferable when you want to make sure no logging is lost.
  2. Why use System.out?[ Go to top ]

    You may pursue this problem, but I would want to ask why use system.out? How about trying a logging framework such as Log4J?

    Back to your issue though, are you sure you are reaching that line in code and not bottlenecked due to the load?
  3. Why use System.out?[ Go to top ]

    Thanks for the reply.
    It is because of client reasons we are not using any open source/ 3rd party tool for logging. We may in future use 'log4j' in future. Just to add one more observation to the problem raised.
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    There are two .ear (say A.ear and B.ear)files deployed in our application. We could see system out from one of the components from 'A.ear' but not a single system out from any of the components from 'B.ear'.
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Pretty strange, isn't it?
  4. a hot WLS/J2EE requirement[ Go to top ]

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  5. a hot WLS/J2EE requirement[ Go to top ]

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  6. The System.out is a PrintStream object. The PrintStream by default has autoFlush set to false. So what you can do is.. create a new PrintStream with flush on.. and replace System.out with this instance or PrintStream.

    Hope this helps.

    Regards.
    Rakesh.
  7. Thanks for the reply.
    You are abosolutely right. I think I should mention here that there are two .ear (say A.ear and B.ear)files deployed in our application. We could see system out from one of the components from 'A.ear' but not a single system out from any of the components from 'B.ear'.

    Pretty strange, isn't it?
  8. Firstly high volume of concurrent log into the screen is highly discouraged. In such situation, the system is blocked to write to the buffer, and certainly your system performance is very low.

    A simple wayout is to redirect the output to the file when you're testing. ie, use nohup in Unix or use '>>' in windows. I'm sure the performance will be improved.

    regards.