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EJB programming & troubleshooting: PortableRemoteObject.narrow();

  1. PortableRemoteObject.narrow(); (8 messages)

    Little help please,

    I understand that when using remote references (stubs) to EJB's they must be narrowed in the following mannor:

    InitialContext ctx = new InitialContext();
    Object obj = ctx.lookup(SomeObject);
    SpecificObject so = (SpecificObject) PortableRemoteObject.narrow(obj, SpecificObject.class);

    However, do you also have to use PortableRemoteObject.narrow() when obtaining a datasource, or some other kind of object?

    Thanks in advance!

    Threaded Messages (8)

  2. PortableRemoteObject.narrow();[ Go to top ]

    Hi,

    The narrowing is from the CORBA world and got introduced in J2EE when they decided to adopt IIOP as the protocol for doing RMI. Consequently, you have to narrow only when you are dealing with IIOP, such as for remote bean handles.

    DataSource objects are usually not accessed that way (intra-VM instead) and hence don't need narrowing.

    Best,
    Guy Pardon
    JTA/J2EE Transactions Forum
    TransactionsJTA download
  3. PortableRemoteObject.narrow();[ Go to top ]

    Thanks Guy!

    Just out of interest how are Datasources handled since to retrieve a datasource the same syntax is used ie.

    InitialContext ctx = new InitialContext();
    ctx.lookup("Datasource");

    I'm assuming they don't use RMI?
  4. DataSourc[ Go to top ]

    Hi,

    Anything you lookup in JNDI is handled by a class-specific ObjectFactory that (loosely speaking) converts the name into an object of the class you lookup. What is actually bound inside JNDI is not really the Object that you get on lookup, but rather some reference data containing information about what class the object belongs to, and how to construct an 'equivalent' instance on lookup. Such an equivalent Object is the real result of the lookup.

    So technically, the casting is all you need (like for the DataSource): it tells both the compiler and the runtime VM that the name you lookup is expected to be of the class you cast to. The JNDI and the class-specific ObjectFactory do the rest.

    For pure Java, this mechanism is sufficient in most if not all cases.

    For IIOP/CORBA (and dito bean handles), the case is more complex because the underlying CORBA runtime also needs a special treatment that can't be done by casting and the reference information alone. That is why you have to do the explicit call to narrow. It's really a special case as far as JNDI is concerned.

    Guy
  5. Nope[ Go to top ]

    However, do you also have to use PortableRemoteObject.narrow() when obtaining a datasource, or some other kind of object?Thanks in advance!
    No. For database, you have to search database JNDI name and cast it to DataSource.
    Datasource ds = (Datasource)ctx.lookup("myDB");
  6. narrow not for java:[ Go to top ]

    Hello,

    generally everything you obtain from "java:" namespace does not need narrowing, since it is VM-local.

    However, you might find links to remote ressources (typically under java:comp/env/), so it might be better you always narrow, unless you know you deal with VM local objects (like DataSources). I have not yet found a case where narrow hurts.

    Greetings
    Bernd
  7. PortableRemoteObject.narrow();[ Go to top ]

    However, do you also have to use PortableRemoteObject.narrow() when obtaining a datasource, or some other kind of object?

    Answer for the above question is NO.

    You have to use narrow only when you are dealing with IIOP.
  8. does not work[ Go to top ]

    this code is not working for me..
    can anyone help me where i have did mistake.
    pubserhome is the home for session bean and pubserremote is the remote interface for session bean.

       Properties properties = new Properties();
     properties.put(Context.INITIAL_CONTEXT_FACTORY,"org.jnp.interfaces.NamingContextFactory");
    properties.put(Context.PROVIDER_URL, "localhost:1099");


    try{

              Context jndiContext = new InitialContext(properties);

              Object ref=jndiContext.lookup("pubserremote");

              pubserhome home =(pubserhome) PortableRemoteObject.narrow( ref, pubserhome.class);

              pubserremote searchbean=home.create();

    in the above code i get the error as

    incompatible types..

    found:publisher.src.ejb.pubserhome
    required:publisher.src.ejb.pubserremote
    pubserhome searchbean=home.create();
                               ^
    and also in this line
      pubserhome home =(pubserhome) PortableRemoteObject.narrow( ref, pubserhome.class);

    thanks in advance
  9. does not work[ Go to top ]

    hi sai

    pubserhome searchbean=home.create();

    the above stmt is giving an error coz home.create() returns an object of remote type.

    that is why u r getting this message:

    found:publisher.src.ejb.pubserhome
    required:publisher.src.ejb.pubserremote