Uwe Schindler has announced the availability of Apache Lucene 4.8 - a high-performance, full-featured text search engine library written entirely in Java, as well as Apache Solr 4.8, the enterprise counterpart to Lucene, which comes complete with add-ons such as faceting and scalability.
This drop is the first minor release of the Java Search Engine and NoSQL server since February. The focus this time is squarely on full compatibility with Java 8, which went live in early March 8.
Furthermore, according to the release notes, Apache Lucene now requires Java 7 or greater (recommended is Oracle Java 7 or OpenJDK 7, minimum update 55; earlier versions have known JVM bugs affecting Lucene) - the first version of Lucene to have this specification.
Under the hood, Lucene has a new Rescorer / QueryRescorer API to perform second-pass rescoring or re-ranking of search results using more expansive scoring functions after first-pass hit collection. This can be helpful for detecting errors or problems that have cropped up in the past.
As for Solr, the <fields> and <types> tags from schema.xml are now deprecated. The new query parser now supports wildcards and ORs in phrase queries, and a new cluster status in the Collections API also provides information on the status of collections, shards and replicas.