Hello, I am planning to use Struts-Templates for my application. I have seen this tutorial in Oreilly and found that we need a template definition page which is fine. I saw that for each Page, you need to create a content page separately and then a page to add the header, footer and content page to the template. If that is the case, for each page required, you will have 2 JSP's, one content page, one to add the pages to the template. Is my understanding wrong or that is how it is? I also see a direct="true" attribute set for the title which avoids looking for the value in the separate page. Can I use it for the content page? If so can you provide me an exmaple? Please find the code that I referred to below: Template Definition: Adding Pages to the Template: Content Page- middle1.jsp Some Code.... Thanks, Leela.