10 Agile takeaways from the latest Scrum Guide

What to know about the latest Scrum Guide

There are many myths and misconceptions surrounding Agile, Scrum and the latest Scrum Guide.

For those who are new to Scrum and are interested in learning more about the framework, here are 10 interesting facts that will not only surprise you, but also help you better understand the Scrum fundamentals.

  1. Scrum predates Agile by at least 5 year
  2. Scrum is not a process or a methodology
  3. The latest Scrum Guide defines only 3 roles or accountabilities
  4. Scrum is not just for software development
  5. Scrum and Kanban can be used together
  6. The maximum size of a Scrum team is capped at 10
  7. The 2020 Scrum Guide was written by two people
  8. Only the product owner can cancel a sprint
  9. The word Agile never appears once in the latest Scrum Guide
  10. The 2020 Scrum Guide is only 13 pages long

Scrum predates Agile

The Agile Manifesto was signed in 2001.

Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland first publicly introduced Scrum to the world an OOPSLA Conference in 1995.

Scrum predates Agile by over five years.

Scrum is not a process

Scrum describes itself as a lightweight framework.

Scrum should not be described as a process, and it should not be described as a methodology.

Practitioner work hard to make this distinction to emphasize the fact that Scrum is not a user manual that describes every step in an end-to-end development process.

Scrum describes itself as being ‘purposefully incomplete.’ It is intended to guide product development, not prescriptively describe it.

That’s why the framework’s defining document is called the Scrum Guide, and not the Scrum Instruction Manual.

Scrum defines 3 accountabilities

It is often said that Scrum defines three roles.

That’s technically untrue, because the latest Scrum Guide doesn’t define any roles at all. The world ‘role’ doesn’t appear even once in the guide.

Instead, the term used is accountability, and there are three of them:

  1. The Scrum Master
  2. The Product Owner
  3. The Developers

There is no mention in the 2022 Scrum Guide of testers, project managers, business analysts or anything else. How people in these roles might participate in a Sprint or Scrum is a low-level detail that falls outside of the scope of the Scrum Guide.

scrum accountabilities

One of the basics of Scrum is the three accountabilities the latest Scrum Guide defines.

Scrum is not just for software development

Scrums stated objective is to help teams and organizations “generate value through adaptive solutions for complex problems.”

The 2020 Scrum Guide provides a framework that will help teams solve any type of problem, from engineering to construction to planning a mission to mars.

The Scrum Guide provides a framework that can applied to a variety of different problem domains outside of the world of software development.

Scrum teams are capped at 10

Scrum is intended to be used by small, highly motivated teams that place a high priority on continuously delivering software to their clients.

The size of a Scrum team is capped at 10 people, and that includes the Scrum Master and Product Owner.

Only two people wrote the latest Scrum Guide

The 2020 Scrum Guide has only two credited authors: Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland

These two product development pioneers are still active in the Scrum community. They both collaborated together on the latest Scrum Guide update, and Ken Schwaber still actively participates in Scrum training sessions around the world.

Scrum and Kanban work together

Many people think that you have to choose between Scrum and Kanban, but that’s incorrect. The two actually complement each other.

Scrum.org actually an official Kanban Guide for Scrum Teams developed by leaders in the Scrum and Kanban community.

When Scrum events and accountabilities are combined with Kanban’s visual work-in-progress system, the result is a very powerful software development strategy.

Kanban and Scrum combined

Kanban combined with basic Scrum principles creates a very powerful software development combination.

Only the product owner can cancel a sprint

Some think the Scrum Guide ascribes a great deal of power to the Scrum Master, but that’s simply not the case. The Scrum Master is largely a coach and facilitator.

Neither the developers nor the Scrum Master can cancel a Sprint, no matter how badly things may be going.

Only the Product Owner can cancel a sprint

The word Agile never appears in the 2020 Scrum Guide

Many consider Scrum to be an Agile methodology, so you would think the latest Scrum Guide would make some type of reference to the Agile Manifesto or the 4 Agile value, but it doesn’t.

The Scrum values are certainly in line with the 12 Agile principles, and people who do Scrum always embrace an Agile mindset.

But there is no explicit connection between Agile and Scrum stated anywhere in the 2022 Scrum Guide. The word ‘Agile’ doesn’t even appear in it once.

The latest Scrum Guide is short

The 2022 Scrum Guide is only 13 pages long. It contains less than 5000 word, and that includes the cover page, table of contents and the copyright pages.

To put the 5000 word length of the Scrum into perspective, think about the fact that this article on Scrum fundamentals has over 700.

You could easily read the latest Scrum Guide from cover to cover in your lunch hour, and still have time to read a TechTarget article or two.

And you really should read it. It will greatly improve your understanding of the fundamentals of the Scrum framework.