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Maven is an extremely popular Java build tool for a variety of reasons. As such, it is no wonder that developers and organizations are looking at setting up local Maven repositories to compliment the remote ones that are publicly accessible. The Maven repository is an important tool for any organization interested in having a successful DevOps transition.
One of the benefits of Maven is that it helps to reduce the duplication of dependent software libraries and JAR files required to build a Java application. The Maven approach to artifact management is to store all built software libraries in an area of storage called a repository. Commonly used frameworks like Spring Boot and popular add-ons such as the Docker plugin, Kubernetes utilities and continuous code quality tools such as Checkstyle are hosted in public repos. For private and secure artifact management, organizations need to setup a local Maven repository such as JFrog's Artifactory or Sonatype Nexus to compliment the public repo.
One of the reasons organizations will setup a local Maven repository is because a public repository can be slow, unreliable and does not always have the latest versions of required JARs and libraries. Libraries private to the organization cannot be uploaded there either. By setting up a local Maven repository server for artifact hosting, an organization can avail itself of the benefits of a local Maven repository and bypass some of the shortcomings of synchronizing with Maven central.
The local Maven repository server
This article looks at some of the functionality that a Maven repository server should provide. Criteria for choosing a Maven repository are listed. Steps involved in how to setup a local Maven repository using the JFrog Artifactory are explained. The process of setting up the local Maven repository is same for both Linux and Windows and the minor differences are highlighted. Examples of Maven POM files which use this repository are shown. The article is illustrated with screenshots to guide the user in setting up a repository. Sample Maven and Artifactory configuration is also shown. A link ton how to setup a local Maven repository with the Nexus Maven repository can be found below.
We have made significant updates to our Maven materials
This tutorial on setting up a local Maven repository was written over 10 years ago, in June of 2007 to be exact, and while the overview of open source Maven repositories remains completely on point, the version of JFrog Artifactory that is installed here is a bit outdated.
Up to date Maven articles, videos and tutorials
For those looking for information on prior versions of JFrog Artifactory, the information below remains pertinent, as does the information on how a local Maven repository works. However, TheServerSide has a variety of updated tutorials on Maven and setting up local Maven repositories such as Artifactory and Nexus that we urge you to take a look at:
- How to setup a JFrog Artifactory private Maven repository
- Getting started with the Sonatype Nexus internal Maven repo
- Why you need to learn Maven and master the POM based build tool
- Maven tutorial: Installation and configuration of the popular build tool
- Battle of the DevOps tools: Jenkins vs Maven
- Using Checkstyle, Jacoco and Sonarqube Maven plugins
- Get started with continuous integration and continuous delivery
- Learn how Git, GitHub and distributed version control is impacting source code management
- Get your builds under control with Maven, Gradle and artifact repositories
- Start developing RESTful microservices with Jakarta EE or Spring Boot
- Test your skills with these Git and CI/CD quizzes
- See how you would do on a Jenkins or DevOps job interview